OpenAthens is an identity and access management service, supplied by Eduserv, a not-for-profit information technology services company based in United Kingdom.
Solutions for Identity provider(IdP) organisations are: OpenAthens Managed Directory (OpenAthens MD), where individual usernames are held in the cloud, OpenAthens Local Authentication (OpenAthens LA) where individual usernames are held locally, integration with ADFS or LDAP or integration of any third party service supporting SAML where usernames can be held in the cloud, locally or both.
OpenAthens SP software for Service Providers supports multiple platforms and federations.
With origins in the University of Bath initiative to reduce IT procurement costs for itself and other universities, the Athens project was conceived in 1996. Spun off from Bath University through the vehicle of charitable status, Eduserv was established as a not for profit organisation in 1999.
The service was originally named Athena after the Greek goddess of knowledge and learning. It is rumoured that the name change was partially caused by a common typo, but it was actually due to the name Athena being already trademarked (EU000204735). Launching as 'Athens' in 1997 (UK00002153200), the name has since been changed to 'OpenAthens' in 2007 and renewed as such again in 2015 (EU013713821).
Athens (formally known as Athens-Clarke County) is a consolidated city–county in the U.S. state of Georgia, in the northeastern part of the state, comprising the former city of Athens proper (the county seat) and Clarke County. The University of Georgia, the state's flagship public research university, is located in this college town, and contributed to its initial growth. In 1991, after a vote the preceding year, the original city abandoned its charter to form a unified government with Clarke County, referred to jointly as Athens-Clarke County. As of the 2010 census, the consolidated city-county (including all of Athens-Clarke County except Winterville and a portion of Bogart) had a total population of 115,452; all of Clarke County had a population of 116,714. Athens is the sixth-largest city in Georgia, and the principal city of the Athens-Clarke County, Georgia Metropolitan Statistical Area, which had a population of 192,541 as of the 2010 census. Athens-Clarke County has the smallest geographical area of a county in Georgia.
Democracy, or democratic government, is "a system of government in which all the people of a state or polity ... are involved in making decisions about its affairs, typically by voting to elect representatives to a parliament or similar assembly," as defined by the Oxford English Dictionary. Democracy is further defined as (a:) "government by the people; especially: rule of the majority (b:) " a government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised by them directly or indirectly through a system of representation usually involving periodically held free elections."
According to political scientistLarry Diamond, it consists of four key elements: (a) A political system for choosing and replacing the government through free and fair elections; (b) The active participation of the people, as citizens, in politics and civic life; (c) Protection of the human rights of all citizens, and (d) A rule of law, in which the laws and procedures apply equally to all citizens.
The play, based on actual events, deals with the decision West German chancellor Willy Brandt had to make about exposing the CommunistspyGünter Guillaume who worked as his secretary and had heard some of the state's most important secrets.